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Covid-19: Social and Psychological Problems in the Pandemic

3 min read

One thing we have learned from the Covid-19 pandemic is that it is not only a health crisis. It has a far-reaching effect: economically, socially, and psychologically. Experts have warned that the pandemic can pose long-term health problems which can last even after all of this is over.


Many people have become a little anxious when the pandemic began. The effects of the pandemic may vary depending on factors like personality trait which you can learn about through a personality test.


However, for a sizable minority, the effect is far more serious. Those who have already been battling mental health problems have been greatly affected by the pandemic. Psychologists are now concerned that the problem may persist for a long time.


History tells us that psychological effects of a pandemic, disaster, or world crisis last much longer than their health effects. Experts have studied similar circumstances in the past and noted that the mental health effects continue long after the problem has been resolved. 


Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

One of the mental health problems that can be worsened by the pandemic is obsessive-compulsive disorder. Since precautions taken to reduce the spread of Covid-19 involve frequent handwashing and cleaning, these can trigger or worsen OCD, particularly those with predisposition towards cleaning compulsions or contamination obsessions. If left untreated, some may become chronic germaphobes.



Another mental health issue that may be worsened by the pandemic is general anxiety. Living in the modern society, with stress and pressure coming both from the real and virtual world, has made many people anxious. However, the problems caused by Covid-19 have worsened the situation. Those who are easy to get anxious may suffer from long-term anxiety even after the pandemic ends.


Chronic Loneliness

Movements have been restricted since the start of the pandemic. People are encouraged to practice social distancing and mass gatherings have been banned. This social isolation can make things worse for people with chronic suffering. These people start questioning the meaning of life and find it hard to rebuild their networks and establish relations. Some people withdraw from other people and the outside wall and create their own space, a place where they have a sense of safety. 


The outside world is stressful, so some people detach themselves. The more they withdraw themselves from other people, the harder it is for them to socialize with others and establish relations after the pandemic is over.


Stress-related problems

We are all stressed out by Covid-19, although the effects may not be the same. Some people can take the stress and move on with their lives. But for others, it is not as easy as that. This is truer in people who have been traumatized in the past or have had painful experiences. For these people, the mental stress of the pandemic can be long-term and far more serious.


However, the future is not entirely bleak. Psychiatrists say that there are positive takeaways as well. There is hope. In the wider population, the pandemic has forced people to develop high levels of resilience. If there is one thing that we have learned from history, it’s that mankind has a way of bouncing back from any tragedy or calamity, even from a pandemic.