Covid-19 is a new member of the coronavirus family. Coronaviruses tend to infect elderly people, but they can also infect young and healthy people as well. It has been linked with pneumonia, bronchitis, and respiratory symptoms.
About 1 in every 150 people get respiratory symptoms with the infection, according to the CDC.
Older people are most at risk. Those over 65 have an average 5-in-1 risk of developing severe illness or complications from an infection.
Most people who get flu may still get other illnesses, so other health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and kidney or liver disease are a much bigger risk to everyone, including pregnant and older adults.
Coronavirus (CMV) is the culprit behind certain infections in the central nervous system, the most important ones being meningitis, also known as diphtheria, encephalitis, parvo, herpes simplex virus, and viral meningitis.
Coronaviruses are more dangerous to newborns and young infants because of their similarity to herpes simplex viruses that cause cold sores. They don’t cause major illnesses in adults because the immune systems have developed to fight them. The viruses that cause respiratory diseases are called coronaviruses.
Another coronavirus is the RSV virus. Children who get RSV usually get symptoms like a cough and runny nose. RSV usually causes a mild cold. In adults with a weakened immune system, RSV can lead to severe breathing problems.
In a large study of over 26 million newborns in the United States, a single rubella vaccination may prevent up to five severe cases of congenital brain disease caused by CMV, compared to no vaccine protection.
The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine may be a helpful preventive for developing babies and young children that have already been exposed to coronaviruses.
Coronavirus is a respiratory virus that causes several diseases, including the common cold. In the past, when outbreaks of the common cold were seen, scientists began to wonder what other diseases might be caused by coronaviruses.
Groups of CoronaVirus:
Coronaviruses are divided into two groups: Human coronaviruses (HCVs) and animal coronaviruses (ACVs). According to WHO, ACVs cause serious disease in animals and humans, which has led the organization to classify the viruses as “highly pathogenic.”
To make this determination, they looked at a set of tests done on survivors of coronavirus disease. They found evidence that ACVs (from mouse and deer) and ACVs from human (Karsenga) disease are more closely related to each other than to the HCVs (from guinea pig and sheep).
In contrast, ACVs from guinea pig disease (STEC) and ACVs from human diseases that arise in pigs (HEV and Nipah) are more closely related to the HCVs.
Who’s at risk?
Pregnant women and older adults are at risk because they are at high risk of complications from flu.
Infants are at risk because they don’t have the protection of their mother’s immune system. Children older than 5 months of age have the highest risk of getting the severe respiratory illness. Infants, teens, and young adults with respiratory illness are at high risk of complications, the CDC says.
There are cases of severe flu-related complications. Two young children died this year from the flu. The first was from California and the second from Oklahoma.
According to the CDC, flu season usually peaks between October and March in the U.S. The largest outbreak so far came in early January and is still ongoing.
It would be worse if the flu vaccine was not a good match for flu strains. A flu vaccine is made with a type of virus that is related to the one that is causing the disease. For reducing patient death rates clinic must have sufficient Oxygen concentrator devices and enough Oxygen supply.
A vaccine that does not have that type of virus cannot offer protection against that type of virus, but it can offer some protection against another related virus.
What should I do?
Those who are at high risk are recommended to get a flu shot. Flu shots are available for those under age 65, people with chronic health problems such as asthma, diabetes, or kidney disease, and pregnant and older adults.
Other things you can do to prevent Corona flu:
- Stay at home if you have Corona flu symptoms.
- Cover your cough and sneezes.
- Wash your hands frequently.
- Stay away from others who are corona positive.
Coronavirus proteins type
By studying the trans-Golgi function of coronaviruses, researchers identified two specific proteins required for the virus’ ability to circulate in the plasma and remain trans-Golgi-accessible for subsequent uptake into specific organelles.
The proteins, interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-9 are crucial for the virus’ access to key areas of the host cell, and, like coronaviruses, these enzymes target the vascular system of mammals.
These new findings suggest that coronal viruses may rely on protein transport and activation of specific cell-endocytic pathways to create additional disease risk for a broad range of mammalian host species.
Models have long speculated that coronal viruses can avoid transmission to the brain by surrounding themselves in the brain endothelium before infection.
But in a series of papers published in the Journal of Virology, researchers demonstrated that this was not the case for coronal virus A(H1N1), a well-known cause of mild disease in young children, which relies solely on trans-Golgi transport.
Coronavirus B(H7N9), on the other hand, has specific neuromuscular pathways to overcome the vascular barrier, making it a target for current intervention research.
Coronavirus proteins, including IL-4 and IL-9, are involved in the trans-Golgi function of coronaviruses.
A better understanding of coronavirus replication, transmission, and targeting of the brain system might ultimately result in improved infection prevention and control strategies for this complex and difficult-to-control disease.